The funding will come from the American Recovery & Reinvestment Act and, in this first phase of funding, 125 grants of US$150,000 each will be awarded to 107 small advanced technology firms across the United States for clean and renewable energy. The companies were selected from a pool of 950 applicants through a special fast-track process with an emphasis on near-term commercialisation and job creation.
Companies which demonstrate successful results with their new clean and renewable technologies and show potential to meet market needs, will be eligible for US$60m in a second round of grants in the summer of 2010.
“Small businesses are drivers of innovation and are crucial to the development of a competitive clean energy US economy,” says energy secretary Steven Chu. “These investments will help ensure small businesses are able to compete in the clean energy economy, creating jobs and developing new technologies to help decrease carbon pollution and increase energy efficiency.”
Grants were awarded in 10 clean and renewable energy topic areas, including US$2.8m for 12 projects in Advanced Solar Technologies where projects will focus on achieving significant cost and performance improvements over current technologies, solar-powered systems that produce fuels, and concentrated solar power systems for distributed applications.
Another US$1.7m will go to 12 clean and renewable energy projects in Advanced Water Power Technology Development where projects will focus on new approaches to wave and current energy technologies and ocean thermal energy conversion systems.
Other key areas are:
- Water Usage in Electric Power Production (decreasing the water used in thermoelectric power generation and developing innovative approaches to desalination using Combined Heat and Power projects);
- Advanced Building Air Conditioning and Cool Roofs (improve efficiency of air conditioning and refrigeration while reducing GHG emissions);
- Power Plant Cooling (advanced heat exchange technology for power plant cooling);
- Smart Controllers for Smart Grid Applications (develop technologies to support electric vehicles and support of distributed energy generation systems);
- Advanced Industrial Technologies Development (improve efficiency and environmental performance in the cement industry);
- Advanced Manufacturing Processes (improving heat and energy losses in energy intensive manufacturing processes);
- Advanced Gas Turbines and Materials (high performance materials for nuclear applications and novel designs for high-efficiency and low-cost distributed power systems); and
- Sensors, Controls, and Wireless Networks (building applications to minimise power use and power line sensor systems for the smart grid).