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Feature

Interview: Gamesa's India Adventure


Sarosh Bana

Ramesh Kymal, chairman & managing director of Gamesa Wind Turbines Private Ltd, a wholly owned subsidiary of Spain's Gamesa Corporación Tecnológica SA, talks to Sarosh Bana about Gamesa's plans for India.

What is Gamesa's business strategy to keep itself competitive? Is repowering a sound business proposition?

Gamesa India, from its inception two and a half years ago, has been focusing on independent power producers (IPPs) in the wind sector. The products being offered by us are hence extremely competitive in terms of the cost per kilowatt hour. We have also been the first to do repowering of wind turbines, and we initiated this activity in the southern state of Tamil Nadu where most of the small and low plant load factor turbines are located. We believe we can replace about 2,500 MW of these small turbines with our more efficient and larger capacity wind turbines, improving the power output by at least two times.

How do you view the Indian wind market, currently and prospectively?

The Indian wind market has attained levels of about 3,000 MW every year. However, considering the acute shortage of power and the grossly inadequate and exorbitant coal supplies, I feel the market will go up to 5,000 to 7,000 MW every year from the next financial year (2012-13). This can only happen if proactive steps are taken at the policy level to make this sector interesting for investors to get reasonable returns on their investments. For instance, the generation based incentive (GBI) should be enhanced to Rs1.20/kWh (US$0.00024) and extended further. The Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) should be increased and enforced more stringently so that the Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) market picks up properly.

What is Gamesa's profile in the country?

Gamesa has installed more than 800 MW in India in the last two years. Over this period, we have invested about Rs7500 million (US$150m) in manufacturing facilities and another Rs5000m (US$100m) in building up a Megawatt pipeline. Our manufacturing facilities are located in Chennai, in the state of Tamil Nadu, and Baroda, in the state of Gujarat, and our R&D facility is located in Chennai as well. We have about 1000 employees in India.

Which are the more major projects you have executed to date in India, for which customers and at what cost?

Our major projects have been for customers that have included TVS Energy, Oil India, Gas Authority of India Ltd (GAIL), Oswal, Sterling Agro Industries Ltd, Lakshmi Machine Works Ltd and Shanmugavel Spinning Mills Group, to mention a few. The cost has been about Rs65-70m/MW (US$1.3-1.4m) for the G-58/850 kW.

Which Indian state has been most progressive with regard to wind energy and why?

Tamil Nadu has been the most progressive by way of wind energy policies, mainly because these policies were pioneering in scope.

About: Sarosh Bana is India correspondent for Renewable Energy Focus magazine.

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Comments

ANUMAKONDA JAGADEESH said

14 November 2012
Though India's Growth in Wind energy Field seen to be growing,there is vast scope for expansion.
India occupies the 5th position in wind power with 18191.85 MW as on 30 September 2012, following China, US, Germany and Spain. Wind power in India surged in 2011, with the country crossing the 3GW barrier. It added 3,019 MW of new capacity. Renewable energy accounted for 12.1 per cent of the total installed capacity, of which wind power accounted for about 70 per cent.

Top 10 wind power countries
Country Total capacity
end 2011 (MW)
China 62,733
United States 46,919
Germany 29,060
Spain 21,674
India 16,084
France 6,800
Italy 6,747
United Kingdom 6,540
Canada 5,265
Portugal 4,083
Rest of world 32,444
Total 238,351

Global wind power installations increased by 41,236 in 2011, bringing total installed capacity up to 238,351 MW, a 20.6% increase on the 197,637 MW installed at the end of 2010. For the last two years more than half of all new wind power was added outside of the traditional markets of Europe and North America, mainly driven by the continuing boom in China which accounted for nearly half of all of the installations at 18,000 MW. China now has 62,733 MW of wind power installed.(Source: Wikipedia).

In India there is wide scope for expansion of Wind Power through innovative programmes and projects with people’s participation. Wind Farm Co-operatives can be started in India and Government can give exemption to Income Tax for individuals for investing in Wind Fund under Section 80C. This way Wind Power becomes a mass movement without dearth of funds for investment in Wind Farms.

Also there is the need to start Offshore Wind Farms in the country as India is having long coast line.

Dr.A.Jagadeesh Nellore(AP),India
Wind Energy Expert
E-mail: anumakonda.jagadeesh@gmail.com


ANUMAKONDA JAGADEESH said

14 November 2012
Though India's Growth in Wind energy Field seen to be growing,there is vast scope for expansion.
India occupies the 5th position in wind power with 18191.85 MW as on 30 September 2012, following China, US, Germany and Spain. Wind power in India surged in 2011, with the country crossing the 3GW barrier. It added 3,019 MW of new capacity. Renewable energy accounted for 12.1 per cent of the total installed capacity, of which wind power accounted for about 70 per cent.

Top 10 wind power countries
Country Total capacity
end 2011 (MW)
China 62,733
United States 46,919
Germany 29,060
Spain 21,674
India 16,084
France 6,800
Italy 6,747
United Kingdom 6,540
Canada 5,265
Portugal 4,083
Rest of world 32,444
Total 238,351

Global wind power installations increased by 41,236 in 2011, bringing total installed capacity up to 238,351 MW, a 20.6% increase on the 197,637 MW installed at the end of 2010. For the last two years more than half of all new wind power was added outside of the traditional markets of Europe and North America, mainly driven by the continuing boom in China which accounted for nearly half of all of the installations at 18,000 MW. China now has 62,733 MW of wind power installed.(Source: Wikipedia).

In India there is wide scope for expansion of Wind Power through innovative programmes and projects with people’s participation. Wind Farm Co-operatives can be started in India and Government can give exemption to Income Tax for individuals for investing in Wind Fund under Section 80C. This way Wind Power becomes a mass movement without dearth of funds for investment in Wind Farms.

Also there is the need to start Offshore Wind Farms in the country as India is having long coast line.

Dr.A.Jagadeesh Nellore(AP),India
Wind Energy Expert
E-mail: anumakonda.jagadeesh@gmail.com


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