News for November 2011

News Archive

Martin Hiller new Director General of REEEP

The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) has appointed Martin Hiller from the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), as its new Director General.

Global wind power set for steady growth to 2020 Global wind power set for steady growth to 2020

The global wind energy market, which saw capacity grow 22.3% from 2009 to 2010, is set to see continued steady growth to 2020, according to GlobalData's report Wind Power - Global Market Size, Turbine Market Share, Installation Prices, Regulations and Investment Analysis to 2020.

Temperature differences create electricity

Temperature differences can be used to create electricity, or so-called thermoelectricity, according to scientists at the Centre for Materials Science and Nanotechnology at the University of Oslo (UiO) and the Foundation for Scientific and Industrial Research (SINTEF) in Norway.

SolarFuel builds pilot e-gas facility for Audi

SolarFuel GmbH will build a pilot e-gas facility for car maker Audi by 2013 – converting electricity surpluses from wind and solar installations into renewable methane.

NGK's grid storage market share falls to 53% in 2011

Japan's molten salt battery producer, NGK Insulators, dominated the grid storage market for emerging technologies with a market share of over 76% in 2010, but its share in 2011 is dropping to 53%, says Lux Research.

Potentia and OZZ develop 30 MW of rooftop solar in Ontario

OZZ Solar and Potentia Solar Inc will co-develop and co-own 30 MW of solar power generation capacity in Ontario, Canada.

Siemens launches 6 MW direct drive offshore wind turbine Siemens launches 6 MW direct drive offshore wind turbine

Siemens Energy has launched its 6 MW direct drive offshore wind turbine, the SWT-6.0, at the European Offshore Wind Energy Conference in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

IEA warns against past mistakes for renewable energy deployment

The International Energy Agency (IEA) has released guidance for policy makers and other stakeholders to avoid past mistakes, overcome new challenges and reap the benefits of deploying renewable energy.

Wind power helps EU reach emission cut target

European wind power production could meet 31% of the EU's 20% emissions reduction target and even enable an increase in EU's climate goals, according to the European Wind Energy Association (EWEA).

ZF buys Hansen Transmissions International

ZF Friedrichshafen AG has completed the compulsory acquisition of all remaining shares of gear and torque specialist Hansen Transmissions International, and all outstanding rights under the Hansen warrant plans.

China passes US in clean energy investment

US think tank Third Way says China has surpassed the United States as the top nation in total clean energy investments, attractiveness for renewable energy investment and overall patents filed since 2010.

Study: Energy and ports are profitable for investors in Finland

Municipal infrastructure units, such as energy utilities and ports, provide good returns to their investors, according to the Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT).

Solarhybrid and First Solar JV to take over Solar Millennium's US pipeline

Solarhybrid AG and First Solar may form a joint venture (JV) to take over Solar Millennium AG's US solar project pipeline, including the 1 GW Blythe project.

Coloured and transparent solutions for solar BIPV

Sunways AG has presented coloured and transparent solar cells for building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) at the international Bauhaus.SOLAR congress in Erfurt, Germany.

Plans for 1 GW solar PV project in Serbia

Securum Equity Partners is planning a 1 GW solar photovoltaic (PV) project in Serbia using its NEPER Fund with support from Amicorp Fund Services.

GCL-Poly plans 1 GW solar farm in China

GCL-Poly and CGN Solar Energy Development Co will develop a 1 GW solar farm in Datong City, Shanxi Province, China, as part of a framework agreement between the two companies.

Solar Frontier and Mainstream cooperate on 5 MW of solar

Solar Frontier and Mainstream Energy have signed a distribution agreement to sell and install 5 MW of Solar Frontier's CIS solar modules in the US.

Hydrogenics electrolyser for Swiss hydrogen bus refueling station from Air Liquide

Canadian-based Hydrogenics has received an order to deliver an electrolyser, as part of a complete electrolysis-based hydrogen fueling station for the Swiss city of Brugg in early 2012.

UK Energy Institute recognises biomass pioneer

David Williams, CEO of Eco2, has been recognised for his contribution to the energy sector at the Energy Institute Awards 2011.

Gamesa sells 38 MW Chestnut Flats wind farm to enXco

Gamesa has sold its 38 MW Chestnut Flats wind farm in Pennsylvania, USA, to EDF Energies Nouvelles' subsidiary enXco.

Phoenix Solar and Silicon Ranch develop solar PV in TN

Phoenix Solar Inc and Silicon Ranch Corporation have formed a strategic alliance to develop, finance and construct solar photovoltaic (PV) power plants in Tennessee and the South-east USA.

JinkoSolar powers 14 MW of solar PV installations in the UK

JinkoSolar Holding Co Ltd is supplying its solar photovoltaic (PV) modules for AEE Renewables Plc and EPC Graäss Solartechnik's three solar projects across the UK totalling 14 MW.

First Solar on the patent throne for solar PV

First Solar's patenting activities have largely outstripped that of its key competitors in Europe and China, according to analyst CambridgeIP.

Global brands sign up for WindMade label

Major global companies including Motorola Mobility, Deutsche Bank, Bloomberg, Method and BD (Becton, Dickinson and Co.) will procure at least 25% of their operations’ power consumption from wind energy as they commit to become certified under the WindMade consumer label.

3U builds 10 MW of solar in Lower Saxony, Germany

3U HOLDING AG is constructing its first solar park, a 10 MW solar power facility in Adelebsen, Lower Saxony, Germany.

Trimaran crew transfer vessel increases offshore wind farm access window Trimaran crew transfer vessel increases offshore wind farm access window

Mobimar Ltd is building a trimaran crew transfer vessel for Meriaura Ltd, which could extend the access window to offshore wind farms by three months every year.

NRG Energy acquires Solar Power Partners

NRG Energy has acquired the developer of commercial and industrial distributed solar projects, Solar Power Partners, for an undisclosed sum.

TIME Magazine Best Invention distinction to Ascent's flexible solar panels

Ascent Solar Technologies Inc's flexible CIGS thin-film solar panels have been named one of TIME’s 50 Best Inventions of 2011.

US renewable energy needs new money, investors and finance models

The US renewable energy sector must attract new investors and make use of unique tax-based financing structures in the next 18 months or risk a sharp drop in new project builds, according to a Bloomberg New Energy Finance report commissioned by Reznick Group.

The 32 MW Long Island Solar Farm has been commissioned

The 32 MW Long Island Solar Farm hosted at the US Department of Energy's (DoE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, has been switched on.

Ecotricity cancels solar farm on UK feed-in tariff cuts

Ecotricity has cancelled plans for a solar photovoltaic (PV) farm in Somerset, UK, due to the cuts in the UK feed-in tariff.

Oslo opens new hydrogen station, as fuel cell car fleet grows to 17 vehicles

A third hydrogen refueling station has been opened in Oslo, as the Norwegian capital works to become an international hotspot for zero emission vehicles. The inauguration also saw the arrival of two new fuel cell cars from Korean automaker Hyundai, with a total of 17 fuel cell vehicles now operating in the region.

Malaysia establishes palm oil biomass centre

Malaysian Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak has launched the National Biomass Strategy, setting up an international Oil Palm Biomass Centre (OPBC), at the BIO Malaysia Conference and Exhibition in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Wavegen recognised for green energy achievements

Wave power company Wavegen has been awarded the Accenture Award for Outstanding International Achievement in Green Energy at SCDI’s Scotland International Awards in Glasgow, Scotland.

All AREVA 5 MW wind turbines to be tested in Bremerhaven

AREVA will test its M5000 5 MW offshore wind turbines in the new full load test bench in Bremerhaven, Germany, to check the functionality under nominal load conditions of all assembled nacelles prior to commissioning.

FuturaGene gets US$1.2m for bioenergy research in Brazil FuturaGene gets US$1.2m for bioenergy research in Brazil

FuturaGene has received a US$2.1 million grant from the Brazilian Government to advance its bioenergy technology development programme in Brazil.

wpd builds 36.8 MW wind farm in Croatia

wpd has signed a contract to build the 36.8 MW Ponikve wind farm 45 km north west of Dubrovnik, Croatia.

Solar roof system gets UK MCS certification Solar roof system gets UK MCS certification

SOLARWATT’s in-roof solar photovoltaic (PV) system, Easy-In, has been awarded Microgeneration Certification Scheme (MCS) certification for the British market.

Ethanol from lignocellulose remains costly

The production of ethanol from lignocellulose cannot yet be achieved at the same efficiency and cost as from corn starch, according to a study.

ABB acquires renewable energy integration specialist

ABB is expanding its portfolio of control technologies for managing renewable energy integration through the acquisition of Australian renewable power automation company Powercorp.

Global solar PV to reach 24 GW in 2011 Global solar PV to reach 24 GW in 2011

Global solar photovoltaic (PV) installations could reach 24 GW in 2011, according to IMS Research.

Amonix solar CPV facilities achieve LEED Gold Certification

Amonix Inc's solar concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) facilities in California and Nevada have won gold-level certification for their low environmental impact construction, and high energy and water efficiency from the US Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) programme.

Manz plans to buy Würth Solar's CIGS module line

Manz AG has signed a letter of intent to acquire the innovation line for CIGS solar modules from Würth Solar, integrating the production site and 118 Würth Solar employees into the group.

Investor confidence in established EV players

Investors are retaining their confidence in established electric vehicle (EV) players despite the small market size, according to the Clean Energy Pipeline and the American Council On Renewable Energy (ACORE).

Biogas more useful as chemical feedstock than for energy?

A Finnish team of researchers have found that biogas could be more useful as an alternative feedstock for the chemical industry than as a fuel for electricity generation.

Eurozone crisis could cause US$45bn climate change funding gap

Austerity measures could lead to a potential climate change funding gap of US$45 billion by 2015, according to Ernst & Young.

Hydropower helps manage water for energy and food

The International Hydropower Association (IHA) says hydropower is contributing to water, energy and food security.

Congresswoman Sánchez launches clean energy jobs plan

US Congresswoman Linda Sánchez has announced the American Microturbine Manufacturing and Clean Energy Deployment Act (H.R. 3394), giving producers of microturbine technology the same tax credits other renewable and fuel cell technologies receive.

AWEA welcomes Governors’ endorsement of wind incentive

The American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) has welcomed a bipartisan Governors' Wind Energy Coalition endorsement of legislation for a four year extension to the production tax credit (PTC) for wind energy.

Germany reaches €393m in support for hydrogen and fuel cell technology

Germany has so far spent €393 million on the development of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies.

OriginOil launches commercial algae harvesting system

OriginOil Inc has launched the Algae Appliance, a commercial entry-level algae harvesting system to process algae at a low cost and without chemicals for biofuel production.

Grid capacity secured for 2nd GW of Hornsea offshore wind farm

The SMart Wind consortium, led by Mainstream Renewable Power and the Project and Structured Finance unit of Siemens Financial Services, has secured grid capacity for the second GW of its 4 GW Hornsea offshore wind farm, UK.

Isle of Wight aims for net energy exports by 2020 in EcoIsland sustainability project

The Isle of Wight – a peaceful, modest-sized island off the English south coast – plans to become a net energy exporter of energy by 2020, while halving residents’ energy bills, eliminating waste going to landfill, and creating a significant number of green technology jobs. The EcoIsland initiative is the largest single sustainability project in the UK.

New business models key to smart grid roll-out

Energy companies and new entrants must embrace new business models to deliver on smart grid promises, according to Bloomberg New Energy Finance finds.

Renewable energy spending to total US$7trn to 2030

The annual value of renewable energy capacity installed will double in real terms to US$395 billion in 2020, rising to US$460bn in 2030, compared with US$195bn in 2010, according to Bloomberg New Energy Finance.

TSMC leads solar CIGS model efficiency ranking

TSMC' TS-150 CIGS solar photovoltaic (PV) module leads Solarplaza's most recent top 10 ranking for solar PV modules with an efficiency of 13.8%.

Updated: Is Sharp Solar reviewing its UK presence?

Sharp Solar could be reviewing its presence in the UK following the announcement of further cuts to the UK feed-in tariff, media say.

Duke Energy acquires three 1 MW solar farms in NC, USA

Duke Energy Renewables has acquired three 1 MW solar photovoltaic (PV) projects in south western North Carolina from ESA Renewables LLC.

South Korea invests WON10.2trn in offshore wind

South Korea is investing WON10.2 trillion (US$9 billion) in offshore wind, aiming to build 2.5 GW by 2019.

ITM Power says HFuel hydrogen costs already below European 2015 target

ITM Power has announced the cost structure of hydrogen generated by its HFuel electrolysis platform. The company has derived a representative hydrogen price by combining the capital cost along with operating efficiency gained from completed refuelling trials.

First Wind orders 77 Vestas wind turbines for US projects

First Wind has ordered 77 of Vestas' V100 1.8 MW wind turbines, totalling 139 MW, for two wind projects in the USA.

Onshore wind to reach grid parity in 2016

Onshore wind energy could reach parity with fossil fuel generated electricity by 2016, according to analyst Bloomberg New Energy Finance.

US Marine Corps installs 1.5 MW solar PV

Baker Electric Solar and Blue Oak Energy has installed 1.5 MW of solar photovoltaic (PV) parking shades a Bachelor Enlisted Quarters complex at the US. Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center in Twentynine Palms, CA, USA.

LDK Solar reduces Q3 revenue forecast by a quarter

LDK Solar has reduced its third quarter (Q3) revenues forecast by about a quarter to US$460-470 million, as the company is hit by rapidly declining prices for solar wafers and modules.

Soitec gets PPA approval for 155 MW of solar in California

Soitec Solar Development LLC has received the approval of five of its solar power purchase agreements (PPA) with San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E) from the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC).

Gamesa meets FY sales forecast in first three quarters

Gamesa has met its sales forecast for the full year of 2011 by the end of the third quarter, with 2805 MW – 94% of which has been outside Spain.

Global renewable energy share in 2035: 18%

The renewable energy share of the global energy mix could rise from 13% in 2010 to 18% in 2035, according to the International Energy Agency's (IEA) 2011 World Energy Outlook.

Plug Power, Air Liquide to develop European market for hydrogen fuel cell forklifts

US-based fuel cell manufacturer Plug Power is creating a joint venture with Axane in France, the fuel cell subsidiary of Air Liquide, to meet growing demand for GenDrive® fuel cell products across the European material handling market.

Scotland gets £103m in renewable energy funding

Scotland has been awarded £103 million from the UK Fossil Fuel Levy to spend on renewable energy investments.

Solar PV manufacturing equipment revenues to halve in 2012

The solar photovoltaic (PV) manufacturing equipment market could more than halve in 2012, according IMS Research.

Wind energy market is consolidating - F&S

The wind energy market is poised for greater consolidation which will see the emergence of fewer, but stronger, participants, according to analysts Frost & Sullivan.

Theodor Scheidegger becomes CEO of Siemens' Solar & Hydro Division

Theodor Scheidegger is becoming the new CEO of the Solar & Hydro Division of Siemens Energy.

California approves Mojave CSP project despite higher cost

The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) has approved the power purchase agreement between Pacific Gas & Electric (PG&E) and Abengoa Solar affiliate Mojave Solar LLC, for the 250 MW Mojave concentrating solar power (CSP) facility, despite higher costs.

Conference against wind in Scotland

Communities Against Turbines Scotland is organising a conference against Scotland's plans for large wind farm build-out.

USDA loan guarantee to algae biofuel in New Mexico

The US Department of Agriculture has announced a loan guarantee for Sapphire Energy Inc's US$135 million algae biofuel project in Columbus, NM, USA.

California on track to 3 GW of solar by 2016

Environment California Research & Policy Center says California’s 'Million Solar Roofs Initiative' is on track to meet its goal of installing 3 GW of solar capacity by 2016.

REpower supplies turbines for 150 MW wind farm in Canada

REpower Systems SE will supply 75 of its MM82 and MM92 wind turbines to EDF EN Canada Inc for the 150 MW Massif du Sud wind farm on the south shore of Québec City, Canada.

Corvus Energy provides battery storage for hybrid ship technology Corvus Energy provides battery storage for hybrid ship technology

Corvus Energy has been selected as a strategic storage technology provider for a range of Eco Marine Power's (EMP) projects, including the Aquarius wind and solar power system for ships, the Aquarius eco ship and Medaka urban solar-electric commuter ferry.

Trade show for energy storage in Germany

Messe Düsseldorf and Solarpraxis have set up a new conference and exhibition, 'Energy Storage – Summit for the Storage of Renewable Energy' in Düsseldorf, Germany on 13-14 March 2012.

SolarWorld testifies against China's aggressive solar exports

SolarWorld Industries America Inc has testified before the International Trade Commission (ITC), saying Chinese manufacturers are flooding the US market with solar products backed by large government subsidies.

Geothermal Energy Expo 2011 saw record attendance

The GEA Geothermal Energy Expo 2011 recorded record attendance this year with over 2500 attendees from 33 different states and 13 different countries.

Gamesa's 4.5 MW wind turbine prototype reaches milestone

The prototype of Gamesa's G128 4.5 MW wind turbine erected at an R&D wind farm in Jaulín, Zaragoza, Spain, reached 97.34 MWh operating at 100% availability on 6 November.

Siemens sees US$900m in wind turbine orders for America

Siemens has secured orders for 6 wind turbine projects in North America since July, totalling US$900 million and over 670 MW.

ACCIONA builds €90m wind farm in Costa Rica

ACCIONA Energía will build a 49.5 MW wind farm in Costa Rica, which will produce electricity for the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (ICE).

Facebook adopts hybrid solar technology

Cogenra Solar will install a solar cogeneration system at Facebook’s new Menlo Park campus, producing hot water and electricity.

Wind, solar and diesel power package for offshore wind measurement Wind, solar and diesel power package for offshore wind measurement

UK small wind turbine manufacturer Ampair has designed a wind, solar photovoltaic (PV) and diesel powered range, the containerPod™, for providing platform power for the offshore wind measurement sector.

Rolls Royce hits 100 MWh tidal turbine milestone Rolls Royce hits 100 MWh tidal turbine milestone

Rolls-Royce's prototype tidal turbine has reached the milestone of feeding 100 MWh into the grid from its location off the Orkney Islands, Scotland.

UK solar installation rates to fall 'drastically'

The UK's Renewable Energy Association (REA) says the latest fast-track review of solar feed-in tariffs in the UK could have been avoided had the industry been listened to.

Plumbing provider buys Aztec Solar Power stake

Sloan Global Holdings LLC has purchased a “significant interest” in the solar engineering, purchasing and construction company Aztec Solar Power, LLC for an undisclosed sum.

AWEA celebrates wind industry achievements

The American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) announced the 2011 AWEA Awards, honouring wind industry supporters, leaders, innovators and advocates for their outstanding efforts on behalf of wind energy at AWEA’s Wind Energy Fall Symposium in Carlsbad, CA, USA.

KEMA and NorthWestern Energy partner on smart grid project

KEMA and NorthWestern Energy will connect approximately 200 Montana utility customers to a smart grid as part of the Pacific Northwest Smart Grid Demonstration Project.

Obama affirms concern about China’s renewable energy trade

In response to SolarWorld and a coalition of US domestic solar manufacturers' complaint against China, President Barack Obama cites “questionable competitive practices coming out of China” and says his Administration has aggressively countered “these kinds of dumping activities.”

India’s solar market to reach 9 GW by 2016

India could see over 9 GW of solar installed between 2011 and 2016, according to the report The India Solar Market: Strategy, Players, and Opportunities from GTM Research and BRIDGE TO INDIA.

Bipartisan extension of US renewable energy tax incentive?

US Representatives Dave Reichert (R-WA) and Earl Blumenauer (D-OR) have introduced the bipartisan American Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit Extension Act (H.R. 3307), extending tax incentives for renewable energy production through 2016.

China: 1 TW of wind by 2050

China could have 1 TW of wind power by 2050 with wind supplying 17% of electricity production, compared to today's 1%, according to the National Development and Reform Commission’s Energy Research Institute (NDRC ERI) with support from the International Energy Agency (IEA).

Nordex supplies 35 MW of wind turbines to Wales

Nordex will supply 14 of its 2.5 MW wind turbines, the N90-2500 series, for the Pant-y-Wal and Fforch Nest wind farms in Wales.

Solar PV capacity expansion slows to 10% in 2012 Solar PV capacity expansion slows to 10% in 2012

The expansion of solar photovoltaic (PV) module, cell and wafer manufacturing capacity will slow dramatically throughout the rest of 2011 and the first half of 2012, according to IMS Research.

Dantherm Power wins order for 30 fuel cell telecom backup power systems in India

Dantherm Power has received an initial purchase order from Delta Power Solutions, for 30 fuel cell backup power systems to be installed at telecom service sites in India by the end of 2011.

Campaigners warn against UK tax hike on biodiesel

By introducing a tax hike on biodiesel produced form used cooking oil, the UK Government is at risk of flushing its environmental aspirations down the drain, according to an alliance of users and producers of biodiesel.

Aberdeen as a global energy centre of excellence

Aberdeen could become a global energy centre of excellence, according to the report 'Northern Lights: a strategic vision of Aberdeen as a world-class energy capital' by PwC in Aberdeen.

Siemens opens US wind power distribution centre

Siemens Energy has opened a new wind power distribution facility in Wichita, Kansas, USA, to serve the Americas.

Desertec to construct first solar farm in Morocco

The Desertec Industrial Initiative (DII) says Morocco will be the first location for building a solar thermal power plant as part of the €400 billion Desertec project for developing renewable energy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.

Masdar and Scotland to cooperate on renewable energy?

Scotland's First Minister, Alex Salmond, has said Masdar could be a future hub for further developing Scottish low carbon technology during a visit to the UAE.

Asian Photovoltaic Industry Association appoints first chairman

The newly established Asian Photovoltaic Industry Association (APVIA) has appointed Suntech Power's CEO and Founder, Dr Zhengrong Shi, as its first Chief Chairman.

US wind turbine prices fallen by a third since 2008

Wind turbine prices in the US have fallen by nearly a third on average since 2008, according Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's (Berkeley Lab) report 'Understanding Trends in Wind Turbine Prices Over the Past Decade'.

Siemens introduces geothermal steam turbine Siemens introduces geothermal steam turbine

Siemens Energy has introduced its new 60 MW steam turbine for geothermal power plants, the new SST-400 GEO.

Germany reduces solar PV feed-in tariff by 15%

The German Bundesnetzagentur has set the 2012 feed-in tariff for solar photovoltaic (PV) installations, which see rates drop by 15%.

AMSC pulls out of The Switch acquisition

AMSC has terminated the acquisition of The Switch Engineering Oy due to “adverse market conditions”.

USA: 9 out of 10 support solar

A poll reveals that Americans support the use and development of solar power as well as Federal investments in solar technology.

20.8 MWp CIGS thin-film solar plant built in Germany

Q-Cells SE has sold approximately 200,000 Q.SMART CIGS thin-film solar modules to the solar company GP Joule for the 20.8 MW CIGS thin-film Solarpark Ammerland in Germany.

Ceramic Fuel Cells signs manufacturing services deal with electronics maker Jabil

Ceramic Fuel Cells Ltd, a leading developer of solid oxide fuel cell power products for homes and buildings, has signed a manufacturing services Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with Jabil Circuit Inc.

Beacon Power bankrupt

Beacon Power Corp joins the list of US Department of Energy (DoE) loan guarantee recipients filing for bankruptcy this year.

China hits back at solar dumping accusation

China hits back at the accusations brought forward by some US solar manufacturers that Chinese manufacturers are selling illegally subsidised solar products in the US.

UK launches consultation on solar PV feed-in tariff cuts

A consultation paper on the further proposed cuts to the UK feed-in tariffs for solar photovoltaics (PV) has been published by Minister of State Gregory Barker at the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC).

Dedicated line for wind energy in EU budget

The European Parliament has voted to create a dedicated budget line for wind energy research and development with €1 million for 2012.

EU free movement of electricity

The European Commission has proposed new EU legislation for speeding up and financing new energy infrastructure offering €9.1 billion in support.

China Ming Yang secures US$5bn funding for wind

China Ming Yang has been granted potential financing of up to US$5 billion from the China Development Bank Corp for further developments of wind power in China and around the world.